Annual Report on Promoting the Rule of Law in China in 2013
2013 was an important year for China in carrying out the “Twelfth Five
-Year Plan” in its efforts to lay a firm foundation for achieving a moderately prosperous society. Confronted with the new requirements of the economic and social development and the new expectations of the people, China made an all-out effort to build a safe China and a law-ruled China, earnestly ensured the implementation of the Constitution and other laws, continued to improve the socialist legal system with Chinese characters and accelerated the building of a law-based government. It endeavored to promote the development and improvement of the judicial system with Chinese characters, earnestly uplifted the credibility of both justice and law enforcement, actively carried forward the spirit of the rule of law, developed the legal research energetically, and ushered in a new situation in promoting the rule of law in China.
In November, 2013, the Decision on Some Major Issues Concerning Comprehensively Deepening Reforms (hereinafter referred to as the Decision) was adopted at the Third Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. The Decision adopted a new strategic planning for promoting the rule of law in China, centering on the overall goal of improving and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and capacity. The Decision emphasized that to build a China under the rule of law, we must uphold the unity of the rule of law, law-based government and law-based administration, and the integral development of a law-based country, government and society as a whole The Decision further clarified the tasks and requirements of protecting the authority of the Constitution and laws, deepening the reform of the administrative law-enforcement system, ensuring the independent exercise of the judicial and procuratorial power in accordance with the law, improving the mechanism for the use of judicial power, and improving the judicial system to protect human rights, thus showing the orientation for building China under the rule of law in the new period. The achievements and progress made and the measures taken in building China under the rule of law in 2013 were the solid foot marks printed in the headlong advance in promoting the rule of law in China.